Des Moines Family & medical leave act (fmla) lawyer
What is the family and medical leave act?
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) requires covered employers to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to eligible employees in certain select circumstances:
For incapacity due to pregnancy, prenatal medical care, or child birth.
To care for the employee’s child after birth or placement for adoption or foster care.
To care for the employee’s spouse, son, daughter, or parent who has a serious health condition.
For a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the employee’s job.
Which employers and employees does the fmla cover?
In most instances, employees are eligible for FMLA time if they have worked for a covered employer for at least 12 months and have 1,250 hours of service in the previous 12 months. A "covered employer" is one that has at least 50 employees within 75 miles.
what medical conditions is the fmla available for?
A serious health condition is defines by federal law as an illness, injury, impairment, or physical or mental condition that involves either an overnight stay in a medical care facility or continuing treatment by a health care provider for a condition that either prevents the employee from performing the functions of the employee’s job, or prevents the qualified family member from participating in school or other daily activities. Sometimes the requirement of continuing treatment requirement may be met by a period of incapacity of more than 3 consecutive calendar days combined with at least two visits to a health care provider or one visit and a regimen of continuing treatment, or incapacity due to pregnancy, or incapacity due to a chronic condition. Other situations may meet the definition of continuing treatment, but those need to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
What do I have to do to claim FMLA time?
The FMLA is not a self-executing law. Employees need to take certain steps to protect their rights and properly seek FMLA time. Employees must provide 30 days advance notice of the need to take FMLA leave when the need is foreseeable. When 30 days notice is not possible, the employee must provide notice as soon as practicable and generally must comply with an employer’s normal call-in procedures.
Additionally, employees have to provide sufficient information for the employer to determine if the leave may qualify for FMLA protection and the anticipated timing and duration of the leave. Sufficient information may include that the employee is unable to perform job functions, the family member is unable to perform daily activities, the need for hospitalization or continuing treatment by a health care provider, or circumstances supporting the need for military family leave. Employees also must inform the employer if the requested leave is for a reason for which FMLA leave was previously taken or certified. Employees also may be required to provide a certification and periodic recertification supporting the need for leave.
What must my employer do if i ask for fmla time?
Your employer must tell you whether you are eligible for FMLA time. If you are, your employer's notice must specify any additional information it require of you, as well as notify you of your FMLA rights and responsibilities. If your employer decides that you are not eligible for FMLA time, your employer must give you a reason for its eligibility decision. If your employer concludes that your leave is FMLA-eligible, then it must tell you how much time will be counted against your FMLA leave entitlement.
What happens to my job if i take fmla time?
While an employee is using FMLA leave, the employer must continue the employee’s health coverage under any group health plan on the same terms as if the employee had not stopped working because of an FMLA absence. Generally, most employees must be restored to their original or equivalent positions with equivalent pay, benefits, and other employment terms when they return from FMLA leave.
What are my legal remedies?
Your legal remedies if your employer violates the Family and Medical Leave Act are many and varied. A judge can order that you be promoted, returned to your former position, or reinstated to your job if that's appropriate in your case. You can also recover compensatory damages for lost wages and other economic harm, plus attorney fees and litigation expenses.
Interested in learning more?
Our Des Moines law firm has considerable experience in FMLA cases. We have amassed a great deal of knowledge about all aspects of Family and Medical Leave Act law through our work on behalf of those employees. We welcome you to share in some of that knowledge by reviewing various blog posts that we have made on FMLA topics. Here are a few examples that you might find helpful:
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Erbe Law Firm
2501 Grand Avenue
Des Moines, Iowa 50312
Erbe Law Firm has proudly served clients throughout Iowa since 2005 from our Des Moines law firm. We look forward to hearing from you to see whether we can do the same for you.